Options Techtonic with Mark Hurst: Playlist from July 8, 2019 Options

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Options July 8, 2019: Dr. Chris Gilliard on surveillance and its effects on marginalized communities

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This week: Chris Gilliard on surveillance and its effects

Tonight, Chris Gilliard on how surveillance affects marginalized communities. His scholarship concentrates on privacy, institutional tech policy, digital redlining, and the re-inventions of discriminatory practices through data mining and algorithmic decision-making, especially as these apply to college students. He holds a PhD from Purdue University’s Rhetoric and Composition Program and currently teaches at Macomb Community College.

Links to Chris Gilliard:

hypervisible.com, Chris's site

• Twitter: @hypervisible (for example, see this post)

Privacy's Not an Abstraction (Chris Gilliard in Fast Company, March 25, 2019)

Friction-Free Racism (Chris Gilliard in Real Life magazine, October 15, 2018)

There Are No Guardrails on Our Privacy Dystopia (Chris Gilliard and David Golumbia in Vice, March 9, 2018)

NUSLCLIC Welcomes Dr. Chris Gilliard (Northeastern University, May 2019)

Tech news

FBI, ICE find state driver’s license photos are a gold mine for facial-recognition searches (Drew Harwell in the Washington Post, July 7): "Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Immigration and Customs Enforcement have turned state driver’s license databases into a facial-recognition gold mine, scanning through millions of Americans’ photos without their knowledge or consent."

The Strange Politics of Facial Recognition (Sidney Fussell in the Atlantic, June 28): "these may be the last days of privately owning our own faces."

Amazon Is Watching (Will Oremus, June 27): "Rekognition [is] a platform that uses machine learning to analyze images and video footage. Among other features, Rekognition offers the ability to match faces found in video recordings to a collection of faces in a database, as well as facial analysis technology that can pick out facial features and expressions. A 2018 report from the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) highlighted how Amazon has been marketing its face recognition capabilities to law enforcement agencies, and has partnerships under way with police in Orlando, Florida, and Washington County, Oregon."

Police departments across the US are using video doorbells from Amazon-owned Ring to create an unofficial surveillance network (Business Insider, June 7): "Police departments across the US have partnered with Amazon and its subsidiary, Ring, to offer programs for free or discounted Ring smart doorbell devices to their residents. Some police departments added their own conditions to the programs that allow them to obtain recorded footage from a Ring device upon request." See also the CNet story.

Amazon's next big thing may redefine big (BBC, June 15) "[Amazon's chief technology officer] Werner Vogels doesn’t feel it's Amazon’s responsibility to make sure Rekognition is used accurately or ethically. 'That’s not my decision to make.'""

Why airport face scans are a privacy trap (Geoffrey Fowler in the Washington Post, June 10): "What’s face recognition at the airport really about? Immigration policy and efficiency." By the way, the airport facial-rec system was promptly breached.

Facial Recognition Coming To Delta Gates At MSP (CBS, June 20): "Delta Air Lines announced it will give passengers who fly out of Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport the option to use facial recognition to board their flight instead of a standard boarding pass."

WSJ article (June 20) on biometric technology in the home, what Chris & I discuss as "luxury surveillance." The articles states the tech is "expanding to every corner of the home, using body identifiers to open the door, say hello, unlock the wine cellar and reveal the screening room." Yes: everyone needs facial recognition for their wine cellar!

When Machine Learning is Facially Invalid (Frank Pasquale - a past guest - in the Communications of the ACM, Sept 2018)

Facebook lawyer argues you should have ‘no expectation of privacy’ (Graham Cluley, June 3): Facebook counsel Orin Snyder argued, "There is no invasion of privacy at all, because there is no privacy." See also the NYT story.

IBM Used NYPD Surveillance Footage To Develop Technology That Lets Police Search By Skin Color (The Intercept, Sept 6, 2018)

Legislation to suspend facial recognition in schools passes [New York] State Assembly (June 20)

The First Public Schools In The US Will Start Using Facial Recognition Next Week (Davey Alba in Buzzfeed News, May 29): "Testing of the Aegis system begins in the Lockport City School District [in New York State] next week. It will track sex offenders, students and staff who have been suspended from school, and credible threats to student safety."

America Under Watch (from Georgetown Law Center on Privacy & Technology): Face Surveillance in the United States

San Francisco Bans Facial Recognition Technology (NYT, May 14)

Why You Can No Longer Get Lost in the Crowd (Woodrow Hartzog and Evan Selinger in a NYT op-ed, April 17): "Facial recognition technology poses an immense danger to society because it can be used to overcome biological constraints on how many individuals anyone can recognize in real time. If its use continues to grow and the right regulations aren’t instituted, we might lose the ability to go out in public without being recognized by the police, our neighbors and corporations."

Duke MTMC is a dataset of surveillance camera footage of students on Duke University campus: "Duke MTMC (Multi-Target, Multi-Camera) is a dataset of surveillance video footage taken on Duke University's campus in 2014 and is used for research and development of video tracking systems, person re-identification, and low-resolution facial recognition." See also this story on the project. And see Chris Gilliard's comment.

Brainwash is a dataset of webcam images taken from the Brainwash Cafe in San Francisco: "The Brainwash dataset is unique because it uses images from a publicly available webcam that records people inside a privately owned business without their consent. No ordinary cafe customer could ever suspect that their image would end up in dataset used for surveillance research and development, but that is exactly what happened to customers at Brainwash Cafe in San Francisco. Although Brainwash appears to be a less popular dataset, it was notably used in 2016 and 2017 by researchers affiliated with the National University of Defense Technology in China for two research projects on advancing the capabilities of object detection to more accurately isolate the target region in an image."

Microsoft deletes massive 'MC Celeb' facial recognition data set (June 8): "Many of the faces included in the data were not those of public figures or celebrities. Indeed, security journalists and privacy advocates were among those included, such as Shoshana Zuboff, author of [The Age of] Surveillance Capitalism."

Thread by @halhod (June 28): "Technology is eroding one of the great levees of human society - the ability to move around the physical world anonymously."

- - -

Check out techtonic.fm for recent Techtonic interviews and Little Slice of Tech Pie segments.

PODCAST: Subscribe to the Techtonic podcast

Artist Track Album Images Approx. start time
  Dr. Chris Gilliard discusses facial recognition and its effects on marginalized communities.
Tomas Dvorak  Game Boy Tune   Options Machinarium Soundtrack 
Options
 
  Mark's intro    
Options
 
  Interview with Chris Gilliard    
Options
0:10:03 (MP3 | )
  Your calls & comments 201-536-9368    
Options
0:40:15 (MP3 | )
Rockwell  Somebody's Watching Me   Options     0:53:59 (MP3 | )

Listener comments!

Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:00pm ultradamno:

Hello Mark! Techtomeos and Techtuliets!
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:01pm geezerette:

Room-jumping.
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:01pm listener james from westwood:

Evening, Mark and all!
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:01pm Dave Miss:

Howdy all from Prospect Park
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:01pm melinda:

Hi everyone
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:01pm chresti:

Hello Marktonic
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:02pm Bas NL:

Mark! Techtonicones!
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:02pm geezerette:

Chresti, nice!
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:02pm queems:

hey all
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:03pm Ken From Hyde Park:

Hello, Mark. What techtragedies will befall us tonight?
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:04pm brycepunk1:

Glad to be aboard tonight, Mark. Love your show!
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:04pm ultradamno:

Some artist assured me that is not a pipe.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:04pm geezerette:

Ultra, heh!
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:05pm Phillippe Bastille:

Hi everyone! This topic reminds me of the show Kimzilla did on face-blind people. quite the opposite
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:07pm ultradamno:

And a current one with Jordan Peele
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:07pm Revolution Rabbit Nov63:

A little before even the Digital Takeover - there was this book when I was in SoCal about Society becoming very Unsocial indeed... :
www.amazon.com...
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:08pm ultradamno:

"Button, Button" en.wikipedia.org...
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:09pm chresti:

Never saw that one
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:10pm Fuzzy:

"i'm at your house right now -- call me."
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:10pm herb.nyc:

wow, that is a scary Twilight Zone episode.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:11pm Franco Twinkie:

The world and all it's paradoxes - past, present and future were explained on The Twilight Zone. Right?
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:12pm Ike:

Ah, finally, some respect for the awesome '80s Twilight Zone!
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:13pm melinda:

Luxury Surveillance is a good term
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:15pm Ike:

For books on surveillance, see also: smile.amazon.com...
(My use of an Amazon link is a bit sarcastic... but if any of you *do* buy this book there, choose Auricle Communications a.k.a. WFMU as the Smile beneficiary!)
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:15pm JerryH:

Lag is killing me. Any tips on best way to listen via public wi-fi/chromebook?
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:19pm herb.nyc:

civil rights activists, gotta keep a watch on them. also, those who protest at nyc's transit events. the MTA was shown videotaping the protestors. a "simple" form of surveillance.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:21pm northguineahills:

Cue Rockwell's - "Somebody's Watching Me.
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:23pm Dave Miss:

You are being watch-Saturn Bar art, New Orleans
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:24pm Revolution Rabbit Nov63:

Yeah - Zuckerberg's 'Privacy is overrated.' - too much like - I do nothing wrong I don't need Civil Rights... 1st thing goes wrong w/ Authority - that tune changes instantly.
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:25pm Mark Hurst:

Hi all! @Ngh, you guessed the outtro tune tonight!
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:26pm JakeGould:

Hello!
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:26pm Mark Hurst:

Just posted the Duke MTMC link on the playlist. Bottom of Tech News.
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:27pm ultradamno:

The Boys Next Door/Birthday Party had a fine "Somebody's Watching" song. www.youtube.com...
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:28pm JakeGould:

@Ike: The original short story ending was clearly tons better.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:29pm northguineahills:

@Mark: I win the Techtonic prize of the night (bragging rights).
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:30pm Ken From Hyde Park:

I wonder how identical twins affect the datasets?
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:31pm northguineahills:

That's why I feed information noise into any algorithmic systems. Of course, I'm constantly researching everything possible, so, I like throwing a spanner in the works all the time...
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:33pm JoeC:

Interesting show. BTW, started reading The Age of Surveillance Capitalism. Thanks for bringing this book to light.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:33pm northguineahills:

(at my bros' alexa, I constantly spew random nonsense to it) (although, that's rather normal for me as you can tell by my posts, here).
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:34pm northguineahills:

@Ken: My bros. are identical Twins (and the exact opposite of me).
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:36pm Mark Hurst:

Thanks, ultradamno, will give it a listen.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:36pm JakeGould:

If facial recognition focuses on the eyes, does that mean the blind are king?
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:36pm melinda:

I didn’t realize that the San Francisco ordinance only applied to the government, that’s disappointing.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:36pm geezerette:

Things are so far advanced already that it's nearly overwhelming.
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:37pm Mark Hurst:

@Jake - in my interview with Scott Urban two weeks ago, he suggested we might try walking around with our eyes closed.
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:39pm melinda:

I agree that aiming for less bias just accepts surveillance as a given. So as long as we’re being surveilled equally what’s the problem, right?
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:40pm herb.nyc:

walking with eyes closed, ha! while walking over the Manhattan bridge recently, I started walking backwards (to exercise the leg muscles a little differently).
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:42pm Alexa is big brother:

Funny things about surveillance- even apps like Slack tell people whether you are working in the office or 'remotely" - You show is a must listen for me!
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:42pm chresti:

I see a future in mask design
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:42pm Mark Hurst:

Some people have pointed out that Big Tech is really just trying to frame facial rec as inevitable, and so how should we modify it ever so slightly...
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:43pm Ken From Hyde Park:

Turn on your smartphone's camera and walk around with your face pointing down, staring down at the phone.
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:43pm chresti:

..reflective face paint
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:46pm ultradamno:

"Nothing is inevitable as long as you stand up, look it in the eye, and say "You're evitable" - The character Fred on the television show Angel
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:46pm JakeGould:

@Mark: What if we invented a device, like a cage with a rat in it, that could just chew our eyes out instead? I heard about that at the Chestnut Tree Café.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:46pm geezerette:

Glittery eye shadow all over your face.
Everyone a drag queen regardless of gender.
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:46pm Dean:

Oh, shoot, I've missed a good show. In the event nobody mentioned it, here's a fun read about ways to upset surveillance and other challenges to privacy: https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/obfuscation It's kind of like a high-tech Steal This Book.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:47pm geezerette:

Jake, cheers to victory gin!
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:49pm Neptune Beach Florida:

Does Google monitor dating apps? Will they chaperone my date?
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:49pm geezerette:

"Smart Cities"= dumb people. As in speechless.
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:50pm queems:

i've noticed that it is very difficult to get others (family, boyfriend, friends, etc.) to take things like facial recognition & surveillance seriously
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:50pm ultradamno:

Like the ones with the commercials that boast you can remotely see criminals and yell at them (while presumably being spied on yourself)?
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:51pm Vanessa bikes:

there was an incident in my town, Long Hill township a few weeks ago. a neighbor's Ring alerted them and captured video a person wearing a mask, hood pulled up and gloves, trying there door at 4am. this lead to the pursuit and capture of 5 people 4 under age (and unarmed) who had stolen a car and a puppy. this seems like a good use.. but still not getting one for my house.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:52pm geezerette:

Mark, thanks for the weekly reality check.
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:52pm chresti:

commercials on Saturday morning TV would sternly tell children to go tell their mother to buy a certain brand of cereal, in the 60s
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:53pm chresti:

Thanks Mark!
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:53pm JakeGould:

@Vanessa bikes: And a plain old video camera with a buffer that you store locally could have “detected” that. The issue is Ring is networked and harvests data and sends it to… “The Cloud.”
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:54pm northguineahills:

@Vanessa bikes: I don't even lock my car (standard transmission), or my house (and I live five blocks from a lower income area).
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:54pm vanessa bikes:

oh, my comment got cut, they were caught with a stolen car and puppy. seems like a good use of technology, but I still won't be getting a Ring
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:55pm Dave Miss:

Great interview!
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:55pm Bas NL:

Thanks Mark & Chris!
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:55pm northguineahills:

I don't live in fear (minus the lack of job, currently). But. I know my neighbors, and talk to them all the time. I talk to people on the sidewalk. It pays to be social.
  Mon. 7/8/19 6:56pm Vanessa bikes:

haha, I have been trying to remember to lock my car (an EV) since the incident.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:56pm northguineahills:

Thanks Chris and Mark!
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:56pm Tommy in Neversink:

I think Mark is throwing up a smokescreen because WFMU is surveilling us..they seem to somehow know all the music I like
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:56pm queems:

thanks mark & all!
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:56pm Ken From Hyde Park:

Your comment came across OK, Vanessa. The app only displays the first five lines. On the web page, it shows the whole thing.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:57pm northguineahills:

(I do lock my bike, when out and about).
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:58pm Mark Hurst:

Thanks, everyone!
Avatar Swag For Life Member 🎃 Mon. 7/8/19 6:59pm listener james from westwood:

From 21 years ago, now horrifically prescient:
politics.theonion.com...
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 6:59pm ultradamno:

Ah, the eighties, when people were still had healthy paranoia.
Avatar Mon. 7/8/19 6:59pm northguineahills:

Now if I can Nostradamus next week's outro!
Avatar Swag For Life Member Mon. 7/8/19 7:00pm ultradamno:

Strike the 'were' from that sentence
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